Madonna of the Trail


1892     First Lady Caroline Harrison, wife of President Benjamin Harrison, died of tuberculosis at the White House.  She had overseen extensive renovations at the Executive Mansion, including new floors, new plumbing, and the installation of electricity.  She had also served as the first President General of the Daughters of the American Revolution.  Services were held in Washington and Indianapolis before burial at Crown Hill Cemetery.

 1928      The Madonna of the Trail monument was dedicated in Richmond.  The statue honors pioneer mothers of the covered wagon days.  It is one of 12 identical statues placed in each state along the old National Trails Road, which extends from Maryland to California.  The monuments honor the courage, strength, and faith of pioneer women. 

1939     Joe Louis, the world heavyweight boxing champion, went four rounds in an exhibition at the Richmond Coliseum.  A local sports reporter said, “Lewis gave the local fans a fine picture of his ring actions, both from long-range jabbing to close-in fighting.”  The crowd of 1,500 gave him a rousing hand at the end of each round.

1950     Thousands of bells rang throughout Indiana as the state participated in the United Nations world-wide “Message of Freedom” celebration.  At the Statehouse, Governor Henry Schricker rang the Liberty Bell replica in the rotunda.  Indianapolis Mayor A.G. Feeney held a ceremony at city hall, and church bells rang in cities around the state.

 1963     The new Indiana state sales tax went into effect.  The 2% tax on most retail purchases was expected to put $300,000 a day into the state’s depleted treasury.  The Indiana Supreme Court ordered the tax into effect after considering challenges to the law. Indiana became the 37th state to implement such a tax.   

 1976     Jane Pauley became co-host of the NBC Today Show.  She graduated from Warren Central High School in Indianapolis where she was on the speech and debate team.  She attended Indiana University where she majored in political science.  Before moving to NBC, she was a member of the news teams at WISH in Indianapolis and WMAQ in Chicago.